Tuesday, May 26, 2020

I for Isobel demonstrates that in order to survive, we need a rich imaginary world - Literature Essay Samples

Isobel’s wildly vivid imagination serves as a powerful survival tool throughout a traumatic childhood and subsequent tumultuous transition into adulthood, providing escapism from an agonizing and often humiliating reality, and comfort that she cannot receive from anyone or anything else. Her love for and reliance on fantasy is manifest in many forms- her insatiable appetite for reading, the imaginary characters and worlds that she invents, and the everyday wanderings of her mind, colouring a reality rendered only in shades of grey, and empowering Isobel, giving her the resilience to persevere through travail. However, while escaping into her many imaginary worlds is powerful as an interim distraction from the agonizing realities of life, it is not a method that can sustain a fulfilling existence in the long term. Escaping from problems does not solve them; distraction can only ever be transient, and her uncontrollable imagination gradually becomes a menace, irritating Isobel r ather than assisting her as it used to. Ultimately, Isobel is not truly able to survive in the world, to surge through life rather than drift, and to live with the confidence to be herself until she confronts the past and conquers the demons of memory rather than suppressing them, reaching an acceptance of herself that allows her to be strong and free. The real world for Isobel is a dark and turbulent place laden with the heavy fog of emotional unrest, insecurity, loneliness and an acute sense of being inadequate, or inherently incomplete. Struggling amid the chaotic â€Å"currents and undertows†¦mysterious evil passions, rage and envy†¦(and) most of all an unconquerable sadness,† Isobel frequently feels powerless, floundering through the overwhelmingly chaotic dynamics of the world, succumbing to â€Å"inertia† rather than striding forward in her own direction. She is convinced of her faults, acutely aware of being â€Å"born bad† and â€Å"accept(s) herself as a hopeless born liar,† often feeling weighed down by the resigned idea that she is ultimately unable to control her behavior, but merely serves as a puppet for the â€Å"idiot in the attic,† the â€Å"spiteful little bastard† who â€Å"play(s) its games with the real world†¦behind Isobel’s back.† This sense of being a contemptible, inherently flawed person causes intense insecurity, causing Isobel to panic incessantly that she is â€Å"wounding people without being aware of it,† always pausing to question, â€Å"could she have offended him?† Similarly, her timidity and apprehension lead her to assume that others are constantly thinking poorly of her, and she anxiously questions everything she does, feeling ashamed- â€Å"was that the wrong way of reading then?† She feels defeated, as if there is no way to ensure her safety and security. Even as a child she acknowledges, â€Å"you couldn’t make yourself s afe,† and this idea remains entrenched within her into early adulthood, as she reflects, â€Å"no sooner had you built your little raft and felt secure than it came to pieces under you.† This inherent perpetual sense of being unsafe, and of being a failure, isolates Isobel from those around her- â€Å"you build a wall around yourself and too late find yourself walled in,† creating an impenetrable distance between herself and her peers, as evident as she sees Trevor â€Å"from the other side of the river,† powerless to break down the barrier of her own insecurity. Ultimately, she feels incomplete, filled with â€Å"anguish, with longing and a sense of exile†- a painful, exhausting existence that would surely destroy her spirit entirely had she no release from such agonies.However, Isobel is able to escape from the excruciating pressures of everyday life through reading. As a child, she uses her books as a shield from her mother’s cruelty, disc overing early on that â€Å"birthdays, injustices, parents all vanished†¦(they) didn’t matter so much if life had these enchanting surprises that were free to everyone,† and finding profound relief from the callousness of her surroundings. Isobel’s love of reading remains with her into adulthood, offering comfort and a feeling of being â€Å"really at home† with her books, preferring the company of these fictional characters to the insensitive and unreachable people around her. Her ability to become entirely consumed in a book, feeling that â€Å"it’s not like reading†¦it’s like living it,† and â€Å"whenever she wasn’t reading, no matter what was happening in the outside world†¦(being) conscious of being in exile from (the story),† is testament to the intensity of her imagination and her capacity to live her stories, forgetting (temporarily) the harshness of reality. In addition to reading, Isobel extends the idea of fantasy and storytelling into the creation of her own imaginary characters, finding both comfort and excitement in her thrilling new worlds, and guidance in the more spiritual mentor-type figures that she fabricates in her mind. Isobel’s childhood fantasies of Gerald, Antonia and the traveling theatre provide a thrilling world of drama and romance that fulfills Isobel’s need for excitement, intensity and freedom, a sensation that is distinctly missing from her life. Filled with cozy, comforting images of family closeness and togetherness, â€Å"the campfire at night†¦Antonia in slacks and sweater singing old folk songs†¦Gerald putting out his arm to bring Robert close to him, Robert snuggling up,† these imaginary stories impart on Isobel a sensation of love, comfort and tenderness- the antithesis of the cold family dynamics offered to her by the real world. As a young adult, these ideas similarly culminate in the fabrication of Joseph, the â€Å"loved, respected authority,† a guiding father-figure to whom Isobel reflects and prays at night, finding comfort and support in this imaginary mentor that she cannot find elsewhere.Isobel’s imagination finds itself spiraling throughout her daily thoughts, wandering into everyday occurrences as escapism from any discomfort and embarrassment. At work, she tells herself â€Å"I am not here. I am in Czechoslovakia† to transcend the humiliation of being disparaged and reprimanded by Mr Richard, and she spends her dreary mornings wondering extensively about and creating a detailed image of Mr Vorocic, a glass manufacturer whose German letter Isobel is supposed to be translating. This preoccupation with the romance and poetry of life and her ability to fabricate rich stories from a bland business document distract her from the mundanity of her job, allowing the writer within her stimulation amid a lackluster, unfulfilling environment. Her vivid imagination also provides her with comic relief from misery or fear, allowing her to find amusement amid a â€Å"horror dream,† such as waking up at Michael’s house and pretending that she is in a train compartment having an exciting adventure rather than being naked and vulnerable in a strange man’s bathroom. As Isobel reflects, â€Å"there was a mind for you, darting about on its own adventures, giving the owner a fright of a lifetime†- her imagination is almost beyond her control, surprising her with its intensity. Essentially, Isobel’s ability to co-exist in the real world and her many imaginary worlds allows her vital release from the agonies constantly threatening to engulf her, temporarily allowing distraction from the shadows that might otherwise consume her entirely.Yet although escapism is effective as an interim distraction, it is merely that- a distraction from, as distinct from a solution to, her problems. As her troubles continue to accumulate and int ensify, festering beneath a struggling cover of suppression, the positive power of her imagination reciprocally falters, gradually culminating in the menacing â€Å"word factory† constantly nagging at Isobel, incessantly frustrating her with its uncontrollable â€Å"groaning, grinding and defining.† Isobel describes this overworking imagination as â€Å"words we have plenty of, nasty little buzzing insects that they are. Awake two minutes and the word factory is at it already†- the term â€Å"insects†, a recurring motif throughout the novel, immortalizing ideas of sin, flaw, and contemptible characteristics not unlike the â€Å"mysterious evil passions† of â€Å"rage and envy†, creating a vivid impression of a relentlessly irritating force, one that Isobel constantly tries to silence, reprimanding herself, â€Å"listen you don’t have to paint his portrait,† or â€Å"it’s a stain coloured stain and shut up.† Above all else, it is perhaps the futility of her imagination and compulsive need to describe, to use language to create images of everything she sees, that frustrates Isobel- these ideas are â€Å"to be handed in nowhere at the end of the day,† thoughts, images and words merely â€Å"running like mice on a treadmill,† perpetually, repetitively and utterly serving no purpose. Her imagination is no longer simply something that she treasures- it has developed into something unmanageable, irrepressible, exacerbating her frustration with the world rather than providing release from it. Isobel soon realizes that in order to survive she must actively challenge the past rather than simply suppressing it- she must face her problems, surrendering to the â€Å"door held straining against memories† and taming the â€Å"dogs of the past always yapping at her ankles† before she is able to move on from them. Eventually, Isobel decides to visit her childhood home, bravely con fronting her painful memories and laying some ghosts to rest. In doing this, Isobel develops a â€Å"new tolerance† for her childhood self, learning that she should not regard herself with such harsh contempt, commanding â€Å"Isobel Callaghan, pick on somebody your own size.† She realizes at long last that her childhood trauma was not her fault, but rather that she had been horrendously mistreated by her parents, â€Å"two murderers† who destroyed her sense of self-worth. As she rages â€Å"bastards, bastards, bastards! Spiteful, tormenting bastards!† she is finally able to achieve some closure over her past, an understanding of what has happened to her, thus finally liberating her sense of self. With this new freedom from the tight, restricting cordons of the past, Isobel is free to finally discover her purpose in life, to understand and accept who she really is. Recognizing at last that â€Å"there’s a writer in there†¦a naked infant greas ed and trussed in the baking dish with an apple jammed in its mouth,† she is able to release the â€Å"poor little bugger,† liberating herself just in time before the baking dish, struggling baby and all, is plunged into the burning oven. This realization is empowering, enlivening. Isobel gains a definite sense of self as she understands finally, â€Å"I am a writer, I am a writer,† a revelation that she declares is â€Å"the happiest moment of (her) life.† Isobel â€Å"knew she could choose to be a writer,† firmly and powerfully demonstrating her ability to take control of her existence, to survive in the world and be her own person. Thus while her imagination assists her along the way to revelation, it is her own active discovery and acceptance of herself that ultimately allows Isobel to endure her struggles, and to emerge from them as a stronger, more independent individual.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

An Opportunity for PepsiCo to Help the Earth Sustain its Environment Free Essay Example, 3000 words

PepsiCo is currently exploring alternative energy sources to fuel its manufacturing foods plants such as the adoption of wind turbine power in India to reduce the strain on carbon dioxide levels (Annual Report, 2008). These are sustainable business practices, however, is it enough to ensure that PepsiCo maintains a positive image as an eco-friendly, conglomerate business? There is no evidence that PepsiCo is using this opportunity to use these new business enhancements in the pursuit of providing less manufacturing pollution in the company s promotional strategies. One marketing publication identifies the many retailers in the United Kingdom have been finding success by convincing the public that they are leading players in the war against global warming (Marketing Week, 2007, p. 20). These successes seem to have come in higher profitability and have given some brands higher environmental credibility. This is showing that some companies, perhaps competition, is capitalizing on publ ic relations materials which show their sustainable energy practices or changes to existing manufacturing in a method to reduce global warming. PepsiCo should utilize this opportunity to promote its enhanced focus on corporate social responsibility. We will write a custom essay sample on An Opportunity for PepsiCo to Help the Earth Sustain its Environment or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page What all of this is suggesting is that consumers all across the globe are experiencing different climatological scenarios at differing degrees.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Persuasive Essay On Gun Control - 1930 Words

â€Å"In 2013, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the nation had more than 33,000 firearms deaths: 70 percent of all homicides (11,208), more than half of all suicides (21,175), and hundreds of accidental and unsolved deaths,† which brings me to my question, what is gun control? (Perez-Pena) This is a wide term that covers any sort of restriction on what kinds of firearms can be sold and bought. Who can possess or sell them, where and how they can be stored or carried, what duties a seller has to vet a buyer, and what obligations both the buyer and the seller have to report transactions to the government. Would it be nice if all firearm deaths were cut in half or maybe to a quarter of the present amount? This topic get†¦show more content†¦This source was a good way to get an insight, and a better understanding of what is gun control, the state of gun control today, American public stand of gun control, and the arguments that are with and aga inst gun control. Perez-Pena mentions while some states have thorough background checks, some do not. Most states do not even require a license or permit to own a gun. Even in states where background checks are required, a loophole still exist that allow buyers to purchase firearms from gun shows without a background check. There needs to be a national effort because the loophole will continue to exist that allow people from states with stricter background checks to purchase firearms from states that have less gun control laws. This is not about denying people of their Second Amendment right, but it is about accountability, making sure there is a national database that tracks the purchases and sales of all firearms, ensures that proper background checks are performed, not limited to criminal history, but also mental health history. Perez-Pena raise a lot of issues in his article. For example, background checks and stricter regulations for small businesses and gun show sellers. Background checks are very important to selling and buying guns, it should not be limited to only criminal checks, but also their mental health history should be checked as well for all gun purchases. For the most part, a criminal background check is done through the FBIShow MoreRelatedPersuasive Essay : Gun Control798 Words   |  4 PagesPersuasive Essay Did you know that in the United States almost 100,000 people are shot or killed with a gun in one year? 10,527 people die a year in handgun related incidents in the United States. This number, by far, outweighs the number of gun related deaths in countries such as Sweden, Great Britain, and Japan, which number 13, 22, and 87, respectively. What is the reason for such drastic differences in numbers? Sweden, Great Britain, and Japan are all countries that have stricter gun controlRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control1753 Words   |  8 PagesPersuasive Essay Rough Draft The United States of America has a problem that is growing worse every day. American laws are not protecting its citizens from injury or death. You may think the mass shootings in America the guns used were bought illegally, but â€Å"since 1982, there have been at least 62 mass shooter carried out with firearms across the country, with the killings unfolding in 30 states from Massachusetts to Hawaii. Of the 139 guns possessed by the killers, more than three quarters wereRead More Persuasive Articles on Gun Control Essays607 Words   |  3 PagesPersuasive Articles on Gun Control Persuading an audience can be done in several different fashions, one of which is Hugh Rank’s Model of Persuasion. Rank’s model states that two major strategies are used to achieve the particular goal of persuasion. These strategies are nicely set into two main schemas; the first method is to exaggerate an aspect of something, known as â€Å"intensify.† While the second is to discredit it, which is referred to as â€Å"downplay.† Al Franken, Jeffrey SnyderRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control1018 Words   |  5 PagesImagine, an America where no citizen, law abiding or not, has the legal ability to own guns. Three gunmen with fully automatic rifles walk into a crowded city and begin firing. No law abiding citizen can defend themselves. It’s hopeless. This future can only be prevented if Americans continue to keep the second amendment. We should keep the current gun control laws, but revise them to make them even better. Most gun own ers are responsible under the current laws, however, I think some laws need to beRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control1245 Words   |  5 Pagesand time again. Due to recent tragedies involving firearms, the view of guns and peoples rights to own and operate firearms have been frowned upon and viewed in a bad light due to Media. News sources have cherrypicked pictures of tragedies and stories about bad instances of gun usage in order to fight for Gun Control and the suppression of Americans rights. Due to the recent Vegas shooting, the argument for Gun Control has never been more intense, and Media outlets are having a field day onRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control915 Words   |  4 PagesHistorically guns haven’t been a national issue. It is not until relatively recently that an overwhelming amount of people have been in favor of placing stricter laws on the owning of a fire arm. The call for gun control has become more prevalent in the eyes of the government and the people; the gun laws that are also often proposed are irrational and ineffective. One could not simply ban guns, it is comparable to banning a certain genre of music; it’s unachievable and would be a fruitless pursuitRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control1745 Words   |  7 Pagescruelty to animals, and yet he was able to buy four guns legally (Rosenberg). That is the most recent example of why Americans need more gun control laws. Guns are not cool or makes you look good, they are a da ngerous piece of machinery that Americans take advantage of. The average American in the right mindset should not want to own anything more than one handgun or rifle for hunting or protecting their household. Gun control reform that limits gun ownership, enforces mandatory background checks, andRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control1439 Words   |  6 Pagesreason why Americans own so many guns is because of the Second Amendment, which states, â€Å"A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a Free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.† (Rauch) This amendment guarantees U.S. citizens the right to have firearms. Since this amendment is relatively vague, it is up for interpretation, and is often used by gun advocates to argue for lenient gun laws. Hence, gun control is a frequently discussed controversialRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control967 Words   |  4 Pagessaid gun violence has gotten out of hand. This do esn’t mean that the second amendment is the cause of it. Gun Violence has become such a big part of the Second Amendment since they both play a major part of the gun industry. Guns have become such a powerful source to many individuals. With the second amendment placed, this means we have gun control, which are rules that regulate, the manufacture, possession, modification, or use of firearms by civilians. There should be a stricter law on gun controlRead MorePersuasive Essay On Gun Control1634 Words   |  7 PagesOver the recents years, there have been many arguments about the issue of gun control at the state and national level. In California, there have been a variety of enacted laws within recent years to address the issue of growing gun violence around the country and ways to prevent terrorist attacks. California s new enacted laws about gun control in the state range from abolishing certain features on weapons to restricting certain handguns or other firearms a person might buy. The legislative branch

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Food and Beverage Consumer-Free-Samples-Myassignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss factors essential to the delivery of a quality dining experience to the Food and Beverage Consumer. Answer: Overview of the Project The food and beverage industry is one of the most prominent and fastly growing in todays world. Out of the many variations that this industry offers one of the most sought after is the quick service restaurants that offer finger foods and snacks items. These are easy on the pocket and people can consume the same on a go without having to spend much time. This is one of the biggest advantageous that quick service restaurants offers that they are easy on pocket and very consumer centric. There is no need to spend a large amount of money on creating great ambience for the customers and they can operate from small kiosks(Harrington, Ottenbacher, Fauser, 2017). One such quick service restaurant is to be opened in the suburbs of Sydney, which is the biggest city of Australia. The name of the suburban area is Carlingford, New South Wales. It is a small area that is situated 22 kilometers from north western end of Sydney. The area is a developing one and there are not much outlets that offe rs such quick food services. It will be ideal to open such outlet in that part of the country. Thus briefly following points can be highlighted from the introduction- The name of the operation will be quick food services restaurant in Carlingford. The location will be Carlingford, New South Wales. The major competition will include the few dine out restaurants that are there in that region, also it has a huge plantation of fruits and is often known as the orchard city in that regard. The target market for the QSR will be students, college going people, office people. Basically the company will target those groups that dont have much time to spend in restaurants and also wants good quality affordable food at easy availability. The service style as mentioned through will be of a quick service restaurant that will offer finger food, snacks and other delicacies at very nominal rates. Analysis The present state of the food and beverage industry is in alignment with the selected style of service. People all around the world are looking for healthy hygienic food at affordable prices. Dinning out is a thing that all people cannot afford, moreover they dont have that much time that they can wait and eat at a restaurant. Nowadays it is more of a luxury and less of a need. When people have lot of free time, and they want to enjoy some good food and are ready to spend some good money on the same, the go for dine out. Thus the need and the demand for quick service restaurants have improved over the years, and that is very much apparent from the high rate at which it is growing in todays world. Most of the top countries now boast of a huge percentage of their revenues from these quick service restaurants and there are many startups that are operating in alignment with the same. So if the company goes forward with this proposed idea of opening a quick service restaurant in a growing suburban area then that will be very profitable for the same. The company will be to en-cash on the growing demand for tasty quick bites at cheaper prices. They are similar to brands like MacDonalds and dominos but will serve comparatively more healthy food(Visinescu, Jones, Sidorova, 2017). Selection of the menu The menu will be proposed based on the analysis done and on the basis of the target market that has been selected. As it has been stated that Carlingford is a growing area, and there are huge plantations of fruits and vegetables so people over there prefers to have their natural healthy stuff and if the company is able to twist the same and present the same in a different form , then that will attract a lot of people. The main item thus on the menu can be fruit salad combos that will consists of different fruits that have been garnished with special sauces. Other items will all be based on fruits like fruit tarts, fruit cakes, fruit juices and also the company can incorporate vegetable salads, vegetable chats etc. In beverages there can be fruits drinks at cheap prices and natural ice creams can also be served. Overall the menu will cover the healthier option of food that people can avail easily and for which they do not have to struggle too much. The rate can be kept minimum and the plus point is that the company can procure these raw materials for the food items from the local markets at very low prices(Elimam, 2017). There has been many factors that has influenced the development of this menu, the main being the lack of good quick service restaurants in the area, the growing demand for healthy food options as people have become very health conscious and also the availability of natural products in that area. People in this suburban area are very much habituated to have these natural products in their raw form, so if the company is able to add some variations to it and provide them with new food items incorporating these natural products, it will attract a lot of people. Also the fact that there was no such quick service restaurant previously played an important role for the company(Laursen Thorlund, 2016). It is very much based on providing healthier option of authentic food items at cheaper prices using the most readily available resources in the area. The se are the few factors have played an important role in influencing the overall menu. And depending on the initial sales and response of the people the company can keep the menu changing and can incorporate new items in the same. In this way people will not get bored of the same and this will be helpful for the business also Analysis of the proposed financials for the project: The company needs to propose a particular financial plan for the project, so that it is able to analyze how and when it can invest and what are the areas that might need special attention. It helps in defining a proper path for the company as per which it should spend its money and achieve maximum amount of revenue. An extract of the proposed budget for the given project is given below: In this budget it is proposed that the initial start up cost of the project is $100000, and then the other operating costs that are incurred throughout are divided into three segments: Food costs, beverage costs and wages cost. It is proposed that the ratio is calculated on the basis of the total operating cost that is incurred in the initial year(Laursen Thorlund, 2016). The maintained ratio is 5:3:2. The cost of the food items is the maximum because it takes more raw materials to get all the ingredients and food menu is comparatively high. The beverage menu is a little less in comparison to the food menu and will incorporate lesser amount of raw materials. Also the cost of wages will be high, because the company will require the same to prepare the food; staff will be needed to maintain the desired level of cleanliness and also to serve the food item at the kiosks. So keeping the start up cost different, all the other costs will be treated as operating costs and decisions will be taken accordingly. The prices for the products will be fixed in an order so that break even is achieved and also in the initial few months the total amount of sales can be anticipated so that a bench mark can be identified. The company will also spend some money on advertising and promotion but that must be considered as a part of the initial start up cost, and once the company break even the same can be equally deferred throughout the coming years(Alexander, 2016). Supplier Required The main supplier that is required in this project is the supplier of the raw material for preparation of the food and beverages. Other suppliers that would be required will be the one that helps in formation of the kiosks and all supply some other products like furniture and utensils that is needed. But most of these will be one time investment, the major cost will be of the supplier of the food ingredients and the company should make sure that they are able to avail the same at some discount(Bromwich Scapens, 2016). Effective supplier management services can help the company in reducing the total amount of cost that might be incurred. The company must do a proper market research and then should select those suppliers that provides discount on bulk orders. For one time investments the company can go for lease products that are very easy on the pockets and can be used for a longer period. In this way the company will be able to reduce the total cost effectively and break even early( Mayntz, 2017). The company can also hire experts that can help them in doing such market research and help them procure data about the various suppliers in the area. References Alexander, F. (2016). The Changing Face of Accountability. The Journal of Higher Education, 71(4), 411-431. Bromwich, M., Scapens, R. (2016). Management Accounting Research: 25 years on. Management Accounting Research, 31, 1-9. Elimam, H. (2017). The Role of Small Businesses (Small Scale Economic Projects) in Alleviating the Acuity of Unemployment. International Business Research, 10(3). Harrington, R., Ottenbacher, M., Fauser, S. (2017). QSR brand value: Marketing mix dimensions among McDonalds, KFC, Burger King, Subway and Starbucks. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 29(1), 551-570. Kohtamki, M. (2017). Real-time Strategy and Business Intelligence: Digitizing Practices and Systems. Finland: Palgrave Macmillan. Laursen, G., Thorlund, J. (2016). Business Analytics for Managers: Taking Business Intelligence Beyond Reporting (Second ed.). CANADA: Wiley Publisher. Mayntz, R. (2017). Networked Governance. Springer. Visinescu, L., Jones, M., Sidorova, A. (2017). Improving Decision Quality: The Role of Business Intelligence. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 57(1), 58-66

Thursday, April 16, 2020

Nothing that is so is so. Comment on this and th Essays - Theatre

"Nothing that is so is so". Comment on this and the idea of Appearance versu s Reality in the play. "Nothing that is so is so" , says Feste . He says so ironically, talking to Sebastian, who he is convinced is actually Cesario. This is said for a specific situation, but it might actually be relevant for the whole play: Indeed, this apparently absurd quotation raises the question of illusion, which takes a big place in Twelfth Night. It highlights the paradox between appearance and reality. It can also be seen as the echo of anothe r quotation by Feste, which is. That, that is, is? But Feste has not become crazy, he may even be wittier than we could expect because the answer to the question of illusion of theatre is probably between these two sentences. To what extent? To what extent does illusion masters theatre? There is illusion at the level of the characters themselves, but also to the level of the audience, but it is probably not enough for the whole play to be summed up by illusion: illusion is only possible because the roots are real. Appearances versu s reality are a recurring theme in William Shakespeare's play, Twelfth Night. Appearances hide an important reality and sometimes can get in the way o f a character from attaining his or her goal. The problems that happen involve disguises and dishonesty of one form or another and create tension amongst the characters. The reason Shakespeare has this recurring theme is because of the comedy that comes with it. Disguise causes confusion and confusion leads to comedy . Appearance vs. reality is the theme that illustrates a different picture from two perspectives; there are many characters behind their masks and disguises. Some are hiding love behind these disguises and some are trying to show their love through a different disguise. Due to a mistake of identity, more precisely the mistake of identity created by Viola: she pretends she is a boy, so everyone in the play sees her in her boy's clothes, and only the audience is aware of Viola's real gender: the other characters have the illusion that Viola is a boy, Feste has the illusion that Sebastian and Cesario are the same person. In the same way, the audience attends to Malvolio's misunderstanding and illusion, but this time at another level, because some characters are also aware of the illusion: When Maria writes the letter and puts it on Malvolio's way to make him believe that Olivia loves him, she knows that he is going to be a victim of appearances, she is even going to be the actre ss of this illusion, by writing a letter full of allusions to him, flattering his ego: she is going to lie in a way, to create and maintains this illusion. Even the feelings of these characters are not real: Orsino's self-love, Olivia's sorrow, Malvolio's desire of revenge, Viola's love for Orsino are not spontaneous, they are not even genuine, they are only roles, only an illusion of feelings: since the characters are not real, their feelings cannot be real either, and if the audience laugh when Malvolio shows his yellow stockings, when Sir Toby makes puns or when Orsino makes hyperboles, if the audience feel pity for Malvolio on being tricked or for Antonio being left alone at the end of the play, this is only due to illusion, to the appearance of reality that theatre tries to present; but it needs the connivance of the audience itself: for a while, the spectators believe as if what they saw was real, they accept what are actually not very plausible things, thanks to conventions, sometimes so usual that they are not even aware of them: it has become normal for the audience to see everything take place on a stage, on the very same stage whereas the action is supposed to take place at different places: At Olivia's, at Orsino's, on a shore; the scenery may change but the stage itself does not; in the same way, spectators are used to seeing women played by men. Malvolio is misleading at one point of the play by Maria and Sir Toby.

Friday, March 13, 2020

Immune System and Disease essays

Immune System and Disease essays Today, our world is faced with many diseases. Some havent been discovered and some have no cures. The immune system fights off many of these diseases, but what happens when it fails us? One of the most deadly, incurable disease the world is faced with today is the Human Immunodeficency Virus (HIV). There is no none cure yet. Viruses cause colds and the flu. Viruses are microscopic particles that invade the cells of plants, animals, fungi, and bacteria. They often destroy the cells they invade. How do viruses reproduce? A virus first enters a cell in one of three ways: direct penetration, endocytosis, or membrane fusion. The virus takes over the cells machinery and is thus forced to make the viruss proteins and RNA. When the virus has entered, viral RNA is released in to the cell and reverse transcriptase occurs. Reverse trancriptase is when the cell makes a DNA copy of the viral RNA. It then produces the proteins and genes the virus needs to be assemble. The virus can then be released by three ways: lytic, lysogenic, and persistent. A virus, although not considered to be alive, does have a life cycle. First the virus attaches to a cell, which it recognizes by its surface markers. Then it penetrates the cell and gets inside. Next, it replicates and makes copies of itself. It then assembles itself back together and the new viruses are released. A virus cannot replicate by itself; it has to infect a cell. The virus is always the same size. It doesnt have a metabolism. A virus has three different shapes it can be: helical, polyhedral, and enveloped. It is made up of nucleic acid (RNA or DNA), and surrounded by a protein coat. Certain viruses can survive harsh conditions. Pathogens, disease-causing agents, have to enter the body to cause illness. There are several ways for them to get into the body: through the genitals, breaks in the skin, and natural openings. The immune system...

Tuesday, February 25, 2020

Homework Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 36

Homework - Essay Example In the ensuing years, beginning 2010, the economy started to pick up, as the firms that had closed down during the financial crisis resumed and people were slowly but surely getting back their jobs. As early as 2013, the fight against the fiscal cliff was almost concluded and every other macroeconomic element looked to be back in their right shape. Since the end of the credit crunch, the US has enjoyed years of uninterrupted economic gains. Unemployment has significantly reduced, as well as the inflation rate. However, much as things have been improving, economists argue that the pace is a bit slower than the one that was witnessed in the wake of World War II. Statistically speaking, the US economic growth rate has averaged about 2.25% since it started bouncing back from the effects of the 2008/9 credit crunch. In 2014, the growth rate was thought to have gone below 1%, and unemployment hasn’t reduced to desired levels (Recession and Recovery, 2014). The dragging growth rather is mainly attributed to the budget problems. The fiscal cliff did not do enough to reduce the budget deficit which was almost $0.98 trillion in 2014. In the years preceding the global financial crisis, the United States economy was growing at a rate of about 3.25% and the budget deficit was as low as $0.5 trillion. As it stands currently, the budget deficit needs to be cut by about $0.3 trillion for the economy to be said to be recovering at a good pace. Unemployment: For four years since 2009, the unemployment statistics in the US had been coming down at a slow but a steady pace. For instance, by the start of 2014, about 160 jobs opportunities had been created and the unemployment rate stood at 7.7%. Taxes: The fiscal cliff debates were mostly about raising taxes for the rich, but it emerges that most of the middle-class Americans part with an additional $600-1200 annually. This is mainly attributable to the expiration of the payroll